Over the years, the Canadian government has signed two “implementation agreements” with the Naskapi and Inuit and an out-of-court agreement with Cree: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), which proposes Quebec Housing Corporation`s (SHQ) Inuit programs under federal-provincial cost-sharing agreements. The SHQ provides and manages these programs. In 2008-2010, cmhc made $114,831,300 available to the SHQ for Inuit in Nunavik. The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) of 1978 and the Northeastern Quebec Agreement (NEQA) of 1978 were the first villages on modern lands in Canada to fulfill an obligation of fomentary issues dating back to the late 19th Century During this period, efforts were made to meet the obligations arising from these agreements. These achievements include the signing of complementary agreements 19 and 20, the entry into force of Law C-28: a law amending the Cree-Naskapi (Quebec City), the signing of a five-year contract with Cree for the financing of the Eeyou-Eenou police and a five-year contract for the construction of housing in Nunavik. When the government refused to address the problem and insisted on dam construction, Cree and the IQA partnered with the Northern Quebec Inuit Association (NQIA). In November 1972, they filed a lawsuit to slow down the project and force the province to negotiate. Their main argument was that the land transfer agreements for James Bay and northern Quebec, concluded in 1898 and 1912 respectively, declared a commitment to negotiate the surrender of land rights. The Quebec government, which had little interest in its northern territories before 1960, did not consider it necessary to meet this obligation.
Finally, in 2002, the Grand Council of Crees of Quebec and the provincial government of Bernard Landry signed the peace of the brave agreement, which ended a period of tension between the two interest groups in the region. In exchange for a considerable amount of money and greater independence, the Crees agreed to end their opposition to the JBNQA and to communicate in good faith with Quebec. Participation in the implementation of marine mammal management plans is provided by an agreement with the Kativik Regional Government (KRG) on the Aboriginal Aquatic Resource and Ocean Management Program. Dispute resolution mechanisms are included in the two implementation agreements with Naskapi and the Inuit (NEQA and JBNQA) and in the New Relationship Agreement with cree. Parties may use dispute resolution mechanisms to resolve or as stated issues relating to the interpretation, management or implementation of the JBNQA and NEQA. These mechanisms are usually initiated by a two- or three-part consultation phase.