One of the BIGGEST ADVANTAGES OF THE EU is that citizens can travel between states without their passports – unless they want to enter the UK or Ireland, which are not signatories to the Schengen Agreement, which guarantees freedom of movement between EU members. The proposed ETIAS system will probably only apply to Schengen countries and not to Ireland, unless Ireland joins Schengen before the official launch of ETIAS (which stands for EU Travel Information Authorization System) in early 2022. It`s a bit confusing, but basically, Ireland controls who enters the country that is not an EU citizen, but there is freedom of movement for all EU citizens between Ireland and other EU countries. All the details of the ETIAS have not yet been finalised, so the situation could change by 2022. Note that the information here is only for the Republic of Ireland, not Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. An ETIAS is issued for a period of three years or the expiry date of the passport, whichever comes first. ETIAS costs €7 per applicant. Licences are issued with a validity period of between one and five years and allow a stay in the border area of up to three months. Permits can only be granted to legitimate residents of the border area who have settled in the border area for at least one year (or more if specified in the bilateral agreement). Permit applicants must demonstrate that they have legitimate reasons for frequently crossing an external land border under the local border traffic regime.
The Schengen States must keep a central register of authorisations granted and grant the other Schengen States immediate access to the relevant data. ETIAS is intended only for visits to one of the 26 member countries of the Schengen area. Ireland is not currently part of the Schengen area, but it is an EU member state. We should also note that there is a difference between Ireland and Northern Ireland. Only the latter is part of the United Kingdom and in the run-up to Brexit, several questions have arisen regarding the border between Ireland and the United Kingdom. Confused? We will explain everything you need to know about Ireland and ETIAS. There are or have been plans for lithuania-Russia, Poland-Belarus, Bulgaria-Serbia and Bulgaria-North Macedonia local transport agreements.  The agreement between Poland and Belarus was due to enter into force in 2012, but was delayed by Belarus with no fixed implementation date (october 2012).  The French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion, as well as the overseas commune of Saint-Martin, are part of the European Union, but are not part of the Schengen area, so it is not possible to travel to these departments with a French Schengen visa. . . .